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The Netherlands is one of the most illuminated countries on the globe. Its productive landscape - dependent on data, technology and energy - illustrates a 24 hour economy that emphasises efficiency and growth.

At the same time, this Cartesian territory reflects the changing relationship with the natural rhythms connected to, and affected by, the cycles of light and darkness. In a world that is always switched on, the traditional dichotomy between day and night no longer seems relevant in terms of productivity, while the experience of clear, starry skies has become a rarity.

The Dutch contribution to the XXII Triennale di Milano comprises a programme of events in both Milan and Rotterdam, and a publication. It takes the complex relationships between light and dark, between seeing and not seeing, as a starting point for an exploration of their conflicting effects on humans, the Earth and other organisms.

Design as destructive as well as restorative endeavour

The hyperconnected and controlled environment, in which the borders between nature, ecology, technology and culture are becoming increasingly diffuse, is the result of persistent acts of design. By questioning the overarching yet invisible presence of this environment, the Dutch contribution to the XXII Triennale di Milano speculates on design as both problem and solution, as a destructive as well as restorative endeavour.

I See That I See What You Don’t See 

I See That I See What You Don’t See responds to the Triennale’s general theme Broken Nature: Design Takes on Human Survival. Designers, artists and researchers from the Netherlands and further afield present a layered picture of the current multispecies relationship with darkness, setting in motion imaginative critical responses to it. Their research, films, performances, sound and scent-scapes together form a viewing mechanism that evidences how current modes of understanding the environment are designed, and how they could therefore be redesigned.

In this context, the relation between the possibility of seeing and forms of oppression and emancipation becomes relevant. Yet here the exercise of looking, seeing, and revealing what generally remains concealed purposely avoids the metaphor of light as wisdom and knowledge. Rather, the project aims for an understanding of the contrasting effects of light access, deprivation and overexposure on different bodies; the influence of radiation on human and non-human behaviours; the impact of the maximisation of the land through lighting technologies for year-long crops and floriculture production; the coexistence with the invisible yet pervasive architecture of the digital; the perception of instances of synchronicity with the cosmos; and the role of design in these realms. 

Critical practice

Through projects that establish crossovers between design and biology, forensic science, cosmology, or activism, and venturing beyond the traditional notion of product, the Dutch presentation aims to challenge the dominance of the market, as well as hegemonic powers, in the design discipline and practice. By sharpening our perception, which tends to be affected by the condition of permanent performance, the contributions are also a catalyst for a form of political, cultural and ethical restorative design.

Design is, therefore, positioned as a critical practice that problematises conventional ways of inhabiting and experiencing the world founded on human control and exploitation of other bodies. Designers could operate in domains that demand their capacity to make translations, raise awareness, visualise challenges and inequalities as well as not-yet-recognised collective common good, to open spaces for transgression. These are the recurring pursuits of the research initiatives launched by Het Nieuwe Instituut in such fields as automation, materials and datafication.


Guus Beumer, artistic and general director Het Nieuwe Instituut


Angela Rui, design curator and researcher
Marina Otero Verzier, director of Research at Het Nieuwe Instituut
Francien van Westrenen, head of Agency at Het Nieuwe Instituut


Academy for Urban Astronauts
Ramon Amaro
Danilo Correale
Design Academy Eindhoven
Het Nieuwe Instituut, departments of Research and Heritage
Lucy McRae
Melvin Moti
Bregtje van der Haak
Richard Vijgen
Leanne Wijnsma


Rudy Guedj, graphic design
Olivier Goethals, exhibition design

La XXII Triennale di Milano

The XXII International Exhibition of La Triennale di Milano, titled Broken Nature: Design Takes on Human Survival, will take place from March 1 to September 1, 2019 and is curated by Paola Antonelli, senior curator of Architecture and Design and director of Research & Development at The Museum of Modern Art. Broken Nature will reflect on the relationship between humans and environments at all scales—from the microbiome to the cosmos—including social, cultural, and natural ecosystems.
More information:,

Note for editors

I See That I See What You Don’t See
1 March - 1 September 2019
Press preview: 27 February
La Triennale di Milano
Viale Alemagna, 6
Milan, Italy

Press preview February 27 2019, from 11 AM
Location: La Triennale di Milano

For more information, interview requests or accreditation for the press preview on Wednesday February 27, please contact:

Eveline Mulckhuyse,
T + 31 626 6712 15
Christiane Bosman,
T + 31 624 1104 19

I See That I See What You Don't See is made possible with the generous support of the Dutch Ministry of Education, Culture and Science.